Pepper strength is measured in Scoville heat units
Green pepper = 0, pure capsaicin = 15 million units
Irritant effect from action of chlorine or cyanide groups
Immediate release of inflammatory P substance
Effects enhanced by heat and by high humidity
Rapid onset time & short duration of effects
Wide margin of safety between the incapacitating dose (ICt 50, the concentration (C) that causes incapacitation (I) in 50% of individuals after one minute (t=time)) and the lethal dose (LCt 50, the concentration that causes death (L) in 50% of individuals after one minute).
Clinical manifestations and potential complications